S.) afterwards than will be noticed on other types of bottles; quite possibly as late as the mid-1870s which is a decade+ afterwards than generally seen on American-built utilitarian type bottles (Switzer 1974; empirical observations).
) Click on foundation see to view a picture of the base of this bottle which reveals a faint blowpipe style pontil scar (pointed out in impression) however the scar contains a diffuseness to it that's paying homage to a sand pontil. The bottle physique has no evidence of air venting and was blown in the article-base mildew Even though the side mold seam just hardly curls around the heel to join by having an apparent article-bottom mould seam. (Be aware: This firm however produces a similar mustard brand nowadays, bottled in similar bottles which now - and since the 1920s or 1930s - makes use of a screw cap/end in lieu of a cork. Click 1930s screw top illustration to discover such.)
So, what do these bits of knowledge include around? Although the makers mark of S. G. CO. could conceivably stand with the names of a number of glass businesses (most during the japanese U. S.), presented the estimated age of the bottle (twenties or 1930s) and The placement of the diary user (south central Oregon) the initials Practically unquestionably reveal creation through the Southern Glass Corporation (Los Angeles, CA.) which was in company from 1918 to about 1930 and was called a milk bottle producer (Toulouse 1971; Lockhart et al. 2009b). Understanding the maker narrows the production time down a little bit more. On the other hand, the numbers over the rim in the finish are rim date codes - a bottle monitoring strategy employed by West Coastline glassmakers from the mid-twenties to early 1930s - indicating that this bottle was built in February ("two") of 1925 ("5").
Likely the mostly encountered bottle on historic websites with a mouth-blown and tooled (frequently of the "improved tooled" style) external screw-thread finishes are ketchup/sauce bottles.
The Virtually identical, ringed neck, vertically ribbed/fluted sauce bottle for the left is embossed to the shoulder with WELLS, MILLER & PROVOST which was An effective New York City food packing agency established in 1837 by John Wells. (Photograph courtesy of Glass Will work Auctions.) Ebenezer Miller and Stephen Provost joined with Miller by 1844 and operated under their three names right up until the mid-1880s (Zumwalt 1980). This individual bottle incorporates a crudely applied a person-portion extract style end (kind of), blowpipe pontil scarred foundation, and was hinge mold blown with definitely no evidence of mould air venting (the writer has not noticed a pontil scarred, mildew air vented bottle).
This section addresses the mostly encountered canning jar/closure kinds, Whilst at the conclusion of this area is really a desk with numerous dozen links to photographs of various jars/closures built all through the second 50 % from the 19th century to deliver buyers a experience for that immense variants feasible. For example, the jar team picture previously mentioned exhibits a small assortment of strange mid to late 19th century closures. (Picture courtesy of Greg Spurgeon Antiques.) Generally speaking, all canning jars commonly share a few binding attributes: an extremely extensive mouth/bore, a proportionally tall system and shorter neck, and some sort of (with any luck ,) air restricted sealing closure (Toulouse 1969a; McKearin & Wilson 1978).
Relationship summary/notes: The final diagnostic dating of cylindrical milk bottles follows the information relevant to the phases of milk bottle advancement found in the introduction to this milk bottle area; click on four phases of milk bottle improvement to maneuver to that part.
jar pictured to the ideal. This unique jar was used by a San Francisco, CA. foodstuff packing company for their "
Regular wax seal fruit jars had been made by various makers within the Midwest and western Pennsylvania; the pictured case in point most likely remaining created by the Indianapolis Glass Is effective (Indianapolis, IN.) between 1870 and 1877. Aqua is certainly the most commonly encountered glass colour for wax seal fruit jars with shades of amber unusual as well as other colours (shades of olive use this link and legitimate greens, cobalt blue, black glass) really not often noticed (Creswick 1987).
However, Lea & Perrins® bottles do have some quite exact courting parameters as follows. Please Observe that these courting parameters pertain to bottles located in the U. S., not Canada or other nations (Lunn 1981):
Mouth-blown canning jars have been designed in put up-base molds distinctly later on than most other bottle categories with the exception of heavier glass beer and soda bottles and bigger storage bottles like carboys. This is in line with the observation that much larger capacity and/or heavier bottles were manufactured in publish-base molds in to the the early 1900s Whilst scaled-down and/or lighter bottles have been mainly shifting to cup foundation molds with the late 1870s (empirical observations).
Click Crosse & Blackwell chow chow bottle to view A similar bottle with the original label from this venerable English firm which started in 1706 and is reportedly however undertaking business enterprise now (Zumwalt 1980; Caniff 1997). Numerous (but not all) from the mouth-blown bottles employed by Crosse & Blackwell have C & B embossed on The bottom, precisely the same Actual physical manufacturing connected capabilities because the pictured bottle to the appropriate, and date from the same time period pointed out above (Toulouse 1971). Click Crosse & Blackwell chow chow devoid of foundation embossing to perspective an instance present in Montana that features a fragmental label indicating use by Crosse & Blackwell but without C & B embossed on The bottom. (Photo courtesy of Scott Snyder.)
The side mold seams vanish somewhat abruptly and distinctly under The bottom of the tooled, commonly one particular-element, end which may or may not Use a capseat ledge on the inside from the bore; There is almost always evidence of finish tooling in the shape of faint concentric, horizontal rings within the end, and particularly, underneath the complete on the higher neck earlier mentioned the higher terminus from the aspect mildew seams;
The quart bottle pictured to the proper is a standard illustration of a square milk bottle made close to the end of the timeframe coated by this Web page, i.e. the fifties. More particularly this bottle was produced over a press-and-blow device by the Owens-Illinois Glass Co. of their La, CA. plant in 1952. How can We all know this? It is largely all spelled out via the markings on The bottom of your bottle.